What is SOP?

Suitable for long/medium-term planning, with an aim to streamline a company’s ‘Sales and Operational Planning, SOP’ is a forecasting tool enabling you to set up sales, production, and other supply chain targets based on existing, future, or historical data. SOP is most suitable for planning finished goods, and not for material component planning.

SOP plans are passed on to Demand Management (DEM) in the form of independent requirements, which in turn is fed into MPS (Master Production Scheduling) and MRP (Material Requirements Planning). The results of SOP can be passed on to profitability analysis, cost center accounting, and activity-based costing.

SOP contains two application components; namely, Standard SOP (PP-SOP) and Flexible Planning (LO-LIS-PLN). The Standard SOP comes pre-configured with the system. Flexible planning can be configured in a variety of ways.

Difference Between Variant BOM and Multiple BOM

While a Variant BOM groups together several BOMs that describe different objects (for example, different models of a car) with a high proportion of identical parts, a Multiple BOM groups together several BOMs that describe one object (for example, a product) with different combinations of materials for different processing methods. The Variant BOMs are supported for the following BOM categories:

  • Material BOMs
  • Document structures
  • Equipment BOMs
  • Functional location BOMs

Multiple BOMs are only supported for Material BOMs.

Planned Independet Requirement


Independent requirements and dependent requirements are the two main types of requirements you encounter when configuring SAP planning. This is what they are: 

Planned Independent Requirements (PIR)

Planned Independent Requirements are planned production or sales quantities that are based on some sort of forecast procedure (e.g. Material Forecast or S&OP procedure). These numbers are used in MRP to calculate procurement and/or production quantities for a material. Read more

Difference between MRP&MPS

Master Production Schedule (MPS) :
MPS operates within only one level of the BOM, While MRP can be utilized throughout all levels of a material?s BOM. If a MPS is run on a material, the necessary orders are planned at that level. Dependent requirements (if any) are placed on the next BOM level down, and then the process stops. Read more

SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configuration


The objective of this paper is to provide the SAP PP consultant with a step-by-step guides at configuring the SAP PP Shop Floor Control module. It is structure in the form of howto-do configurations method.
When you do the SAP configuration, sequence is not really important as long as all the PP Shop Floor Control modules Features that need to be used have been configured. Read more

Production Planning Tutorials from SAP Help

PP Bills of Material Guide

PP – Capacity Planning

PP Component Short Description

PP PDC Interface


PP – PI-PCS Interface: Linking of Process Control

PP – Production Orders Read more

Concept of Bill of Material

Bill of material form an important component of the Production Planning SAP PP module. In many SAP interviews candidates are asked to explain the concept of Bill of material.

 Q). What is a Bill of Material BOM in the SAP Production Planning PP module? Read more