SAP BASIS Guide: Essential System Administration Tasks

In this SAP BASIS course the general system administration tasks that are essential for an SAP administrator are described. Initial tasks like system installation and configuration and license handling and regular tasks like user management or authorization management are explained in detail.

  • Client Administration
  • Starting and Stopping SAP System using SAP MMC
  • Licencing Administration in SAP
  • User Administration in SAP
    • Creating Users
    • User Maintenance
    • User Groups
  • System Administrator Messages to Users
  • Authorizations and roles
    • Single roles
    • Composite roles
    • Trace for authorizations
  • System Configuration
  • Creating, Monitoring and Scheduling Background Jobs
  • Backup and restore processes in SAP
  • Hints to be a good SAP administrator
  • List of useful transactions

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SAP BASIS Administration Procedure Manual

This manual consists of lucid instructions including screenshots to help teach users about the administration of BASIS module in SAP. It provides clear and concise guidance and comprehensively covers all major areas of BASIS Administration.

  • User Administration
  • Authorization
  • Transport
  • Client Administration and Client Copy
  • Remote Function Call (RFC )
  • System Monitoring
  • Stopping and Starting SAP System
  • SAP System Profile Parameter
  • SAP System Backup
  • Database Monitoring
  • SAP BASIS Common Transaction
  • Suggested Procedures

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SAP BASIS 4 Days Training Guides

This training course, containing 4 day slides broken into 16 modules, enables you to understand basic concept and architecture of SAP BASIS. Content of each slide is summarised below:

  • Day 1: 
    • Module 1 Introduction to Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP):Define an ERP, Relate SAP to an ERP, Recognize the evolution of SAP, Identify the various components of SAP,Put in your own words the underlying features of SAP Netweaver,Categorize various kinds of client-server architecture from a SAP perspective, Analyze SAP’s release as well as maintenance strategy
    • Module 2 SAP Project Lifecycle: Identify the different phases of SAP Project Lifecycle
    • Module 3 Fundamentals of SAP WAS:Interpret the architecture of SAP Web Application Server (WAS), Describe ABAP and JAVA Processes, Identify the different types of SAP WAS
    • Module 4 Starting and Stopping SAP Systems: Describe the start sequence of an ABAP+JAVA System, Analyze how to start and stop an SAP system using SAP MMC, JAVA MC or command line argument, Recall the JAVA instance from ABAP interface
  • Day 2:
    • Module 5 SAP Installations and JAVA SCF: Identify the different types of SAP installation, Describe the Java Startup process
    • Module 6 SAP System Landscape and SAP Kernel: Identify and understand an SAP landscape, Explain the basics of Change and Transport System, Understand the important kernel files
    • Module 7 Operation Modes and SAP Web Dispatcher: Interpret the importance of operation modes, Identify the application of SAP Web Dispatcher for load balancing
    • Module 8 Client Concepts and Administration: Define a client from SAP perspective, Interpret client roles, Identify client copy, Describe the system change option
  • Day 3:
    • Module 9 Transport System (Includes Non-SAP Objects): Differentiate between modification and development, Put in your own words the concept of transports, Identify the underlying processes during imports, Recognize non-ABAP transports
    • Module 10 Spool Management and Java Tools: Put in your own words the concept of spool servers, Explain print administration, Use tools like Visual Admin, Java Configure and NWA
    • Module 11 Database Basics: Put in your own words the concept of Database structure, Identify various database objects, Describe the architecture of SAP system, Categorize the various components of database in SAP, Put in your own words the concepts on ABAP dictionary, Define recommended DB backup cycle, Explain DB transactions
  • Day 4:
    • Module 12 Solution Manager Basics: Understand the solution Manager basics, Explain the system landscape directory
    • Module 13 SAP Support Package: Put in your own words the concepts on SAP support packages, Differentiate between SPAM and SAINT, Explain SAP support package implementation process, Recall the SPAM and SAINT update, Summarize the overview of JAVA support package manager, Describe the SAP enhancement packages
    • Module 14 SAP System Upgrade: Describe the planning and preparation of SAP system upgrade, Categorize several tools available in performing system upgrade, Explain modification adjustment
    • Module 15 ALE EDI RFC: Understand the application link enabling (ALE) – concepts, Understand electronic data interchange (EDI) – concepts, Explain what is remote function calls (RFC)?, Describe RFC maintenance, Identify the types of RFC, Summarize the setting up and testing of remote connection
    • Module 16 SAP Memory Management: Describe the architecture of SAP memory management, Put in your own words the concepts on SAP memory, Identify the different types of memory, Explain SAP memory allocation process, Differentiate between roll-in and roll-out concepts, Analyze PRIV mode, Describe the profile parameters of memory management, Visualize the implementation on SAP extended memory, Interpret memory usage for SAP AS JAVA, Put in your own words the details on JVM

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Simple Instructions to Common SAP BASIS Activities

This beginner’s guide will introduce you to the frequently used procedures in SAP BASIS module with providing simple step notes (not broken into much detail) with screenshots. It is not a very well documented guide but would be a good reference though.

  • Create a USER.
  • Create a ROLE.
  • Assign a ROLE to USER.
  • Give full authorizations to T-codes and give some tcodes (su01, pfcg)
  • Create a Background Job
  • Create an RFC connection within the same client
  • Create an RFC connection between two different clients
  • Create an RFC connection between two systems
  • Create Operation modes
  • Set operation modes in calendar
  • Do a Local client copy
  • Do a Remote client copy.
  • Lock some T-codes.
  • Configure TMS.
  • Transport and import requests (both work bench and customizing requests).
  • Make a spool connection
  • Create mass users.
  • Change parameters and their status.
  • Lock/Unlock a client.
  • Create one virtual printer and do the printing
  • Logon load balancing and background load balancing
  • Install one dialog instance.

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2 Days Training to SAP BASIS WAS 7.0

Find below links to very extensive, in-depth documentation to SAP Basis Web Application Server 7.00 module.

SAP Basis Day 1 Training Content:

  • Define and analyze Enterprise Resource Planning:
  • Define an ERP, Relate SAP to an ERP, Understand the evolution of SAP, Identify the components of SAP, Understand SAP Netweaver Concept, Understand the various kinds of Client-Server Architecture from SAP perspective., Know SAP’s Release and Maintenance Strategy

  • Identify the different phases of SAP Project Lifecycle
  • Explain SAP Basis Administration:
  • Recognize the basic tasks related to SAP basis administration, Interpret how to navigate though the SAP Interface, Explain SAP GUI Frontend
    Describe a logon group, Explain how to access help in SAP, Categorize the important SAP administrative tasks

SAP Basis Day 2 Training Content:

  • Interpret the fundamentals of SAP WAS:
  • Interpret the architecture of SAP Web Application Server (WAS), Describe ABAP and JAVA Processes, Identify the different types of SAP WAS

  • Describe Work Processes and SAP Directory Structure:
  • Identify the various components of an SAP ABAP work process, Describe work process multiplexing, Put in your own words the concept of update processing, Put in your own words the concept of logical locks, List the various OS level directories in an SAP system

  • Analyze start and stop of SAP system:
  • Describe the start sequence of an ABAP+JAVA System, Analyze how to start and stop an SAP system using SAP MMC, JAVA MC or command line argument, Recall the JAVA instance from ABAP interface

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Exclusive SAP Basis Training Book for Beginners

This up-to-date SAP Basis training document (300 pages) provides introductory notes starting from scratch, how-to guides, configuration steps and almost all SAP Basis related transaction details.. A must document for beginners!

  • SAP Installation Notes
  • Post Installation Activities
  • Structure of Application Server
  • Monitoring Background Jobs [SM37]
  • Update Monitoring [SM13]
  • Spool Processing
  • Instance Management
  • Profile Management
  • Data Transfer Techniques
  • System Monitoring
  • Raising a Request to SAP for a SAP Router / Steps to Configure SAP Router
  • Exclusive notes on Implementation of SAP:
  • Motivation of SAP for an ERP Software, Landscape Deployment Plan, Hardware Sizing, Hardware and Software Order, Installation of the Software, Post Installation Steps, User management, Remote connection to SAP Landscape Configuration, Transport Management, Testing Strategy 123, Go Live Strategy, Parallel Run, Go-Live , Support – Phase

and much more…

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How to Monitor SAP Systems

This document is intended for all persons who are responsible to monitor Production Systems in SAP. Following activities are explained in detail with screenshots:

  • Check SAP Process Overview [ SM51/ SM50 ]
  • System Wide Work Process Overview [SM66]
  • Users Logged On [AL08/ SM04]
  • Spool Requests [SP01]
  • Check SAP Locks [SM12]
  • Check for Updates [SM13]
  • Check System Log [SM21]
  • Check Background Jobs [SM37]
  • SAP Buffers [ST02]
  • Workload Analysis [ST03]
  • Operating System Monitor [ST06]
  • ABAP Dump Analysis [ST22]
  • Database Analysis [ST04]
  • Check Database Performance[DB0]2
  • Check E-Mail and Fax Messages [SOST]
  • Check for failed IDOCs [WE02/ WE05]

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