SAP Controlling Basics

 

Controlling Area: An organizational unit within a company, used to represent a closed system for cost accounting purposes. A controlling area may include single or multiple company codes that may use different currencies. These company codes must use the same operative chart of accounts.
Cost center std Hierarchy : Indicated hierarchy of cost center groups in which all cost centers in a controlling area are gathered together.
Cost element : A cost element classifies the organization’s valuated consumption of production factors within a controlling area. A cost element corresponds to a cost-relevant item in the chart of accounts.

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SAP Finance Basics

 

Client: In commercial, organizational and technical terms, a self-contained unit in an R/3 System with separate master records and its own set of tables.

Company Code: The smallest organizational unit of Financial Accounting for which a complete self-contained set of accounts can be drawn up for purposes of external reporting.

Business Area: An organizational unit of financial accounting that represents a separate area of operations or responsibilities within an organization and to which value changes recorded in Financial Accounting can be allocated.

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Segment Reporting on New General Ledger

Evaluating the range of options that are available for segment reporting within the SAP ERP system is complex, primarily due to the multitude of possible implementation solutions. Additionally, it is difficult to isolate a decision through the segment reporting approach from overall decisions regarding the integrated reporting strategy and the underlying system architecture. The emphasis in this paper is on recommending the best foundations of segment reporting design. In addition, we explain the key reports in SAP ERP and SAP NetWeaver BI to comply with segment reporting requirements.

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Main Database Tables in Asset Accounting

 

Tables For Postings

Postings in Asset Accounting create or modifies entries in the following tables:

  • ANEK (Document Header Asset Posting)
  • ANEP (Asset Line Items)
  • ANEA (Proportional Values: mostly for retirements and retiring transfers)
  • ANLC (asset values summarized on area and year level)
  • ANLB (only for the very first posting on the asset; table is updated)
  • ANLA (aquisition date, deactivation date, origin)

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Reconciliation Ledger in SAP

How to Reconcile CO and FI Modules in SAP

The Reconciliation Ledger is a functionality available in the SAP Controlling module which helps in reconciling CO and FI. In the reconciliation ledger, Controlling CO data is totaled and valuated. The reconciliation ledger displays data in all CO applications. This data could be for a cost element, business area, object types, object classes, totals of company codes etc.So how does the reconciliation ledger reconcile FI and CO records. The reconciliation ledger uses reconciliation postings for this purpose.

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Step by Step SAP Product Costing End-User Documents

The provided file list consists of various processes related to SAP Product Costing which are essential for managing and analyzing costs associated with materials, production orders, and cost estimates within the SAP system. Here is the list of files shared:
Contents:

C088 Settlement Prod Cost Collector Collective
CK11N Create Material Cost Estimate
CK13N Display Material Cost Estimate
CK24 Mark Future Price
CK24 Release Price Update
CK40N Edit Costing Run
CK44 Delete Costing run

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Creating Tax Codes

Transaction:  FTXP

This area gives you a step by step explanation on “how to create a tax code in SAP”. Later on these tax codes must be used in the creation of condition tables such as for MWST.

  • Go to transaction code FTXP and select the country for which you need to create a tax code.  This country is automatically linked to the Tax Procedure which has been set up in the menu path [IMG – Financial accounting – Financial accounting global settings – tax on sales/purchases – basic settings – Assign country to calculation procedure].

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