Safety Stock Calculation

In normal materials management there are basically 2 basic inventory management systems, the P system and the Q system. 

P system is a system wherein replenishment is done keeping the quantity constant. The period becomes the variant. In other words you fix the quantity you want the stock to dip, to trigger a requirement. As soon as the stock level is reached you replenish the stock. During a lean period the time taken to reach the level will be longer and during an active period the time taken to reach that stock could drop.This normally relates with your consumption based planning. 

Q system is a system wherein replenishment is done keeping the period constant. The quantity becomes the variant. In other words you will check for the level of stock at fixed time intervals (daily, weekly, monthly etc.) compare it with the requirements on that day and trigger the procurement process for replenishment.This normally relates with your MRP. Read more

SAP MM Requirements for Setting up Plant

In SAP MM materials management, Plant represents a location where valuated stocks are maintained. In other cases, plant can also be looked at as a location for maintaining or servicing. Transaction code OX10 can be used to define a plant in SAP. However, SAP MM requires certain pre-requisites before a plant can be defined in SAP. The three maiin requirements for configuring plant are country keys, factory calendar and region keys. Read more

Release Procedure for Purchase Requisitions in SAP

Release Procedures (approval) can be used for Purchase Requisitions (PR), Purchase Orders (PO), RFQ’s, Outline Agreements and Service Entry Sheets. The principle is exactly the same for all. If you can master one, you will know them all.

This guide contains an example of release procedures for Purchase Requisition Read more

Creation of Purchase Order Automatically

Create Purchase Order Automatically in Purchasing

For creation of purchase Order automatically from Purchase Requisitions we need to do the following additional settings in addition to our standard ones.
Activate ‘auto PO’ indicator for material master
Activate ‘auto PO’ indicator for vendor master
Create Purchase Requisitions using T Code ME51 or ME51N
Use T. Code ME59 or ME59N for auto conversion of PR into purchase order Read more

Material Number Ranges and Formatting

Introduction:

The material number in R/3 is technically defined as an eighteen byte, character field.The logic that formats material numbers is contained in a conversion exit and is controlled by configuration tables, number range objects and standard R/3 customer functions. This document first explains how material number ranges are defined and then details a few methods for enhancing the standard functionality. Read more

Material Master Related Notes in SAP

Abstract:

To implement an integrated system of production planning and materials management, you must have a central database wherein anyone in your company can find out all there is to know about any material passing through the plant.
Everyone must use the same rules and data structures when they enter data about material details.
The integration of all material data in a single database object eliminates redundant data storage. Areas such as purchasing, inventory management, material requirements planning (MRP), invoice verification, and so on, can all use the same data. Read more

Goods Movement Types in SAP MM

In SAP Materials Management, goods movement is distinguished using a three digit key which is called the “movement type”. The movement type is important because it controls the screen layout, adjustment of inventories, the GL account for financial purposes etc. Goods movement have been discussed elaborately here. The various types of material movement types in SAP materials management MM are given below:

Below are some important list of Movement types in SAP

Movement TypeGoods Movement
101Goods receiving for ordering
104Goods receiving blocking status for ordering
122Return delivery to suppliers
201Goods outflow (WA) to cost centers
221Goods outflow to project
231Goods outflow to customer order
241Goods outflow to factory
251Goods outflow to sales
261Goods outflow to order
291Goods outflow for all account allocations
321Release from quality checking
551Goods outflow for scrap
321Release from quality checking
451Returns from customers
453Inventory to inventory transfers
501Goods receiving without order
511No cost delivery
521Internal goods receiving without manufacturing order
561Inventory taking

Download All Movement Types in SAP